The EB-2 second preference employment-based immigrant visa category has three subcategories:
Foreign nationals with advanced degrees
Foreign workers who have a degree beyond a U.S. bachelor’s degree, such as a Master’s or Doctorate, or they may qualify with a B.A. degree and at least 5 years of work experience in their field. Workers in this category must be approved by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Foreign Labor Certification Process (PERM).
- If the foreign national is relying on a B.A. plus five years’ experience, there are some restrictions. The worker must have met the minimum requirements before, not after, the employer files the labor certification application (PERM); and (in most cases), before having even been employed by the sponsoring company. The DOL does not ordinarily allow a foreign national to count experience gained with the sponsoring employer.
- Also critical is that if the foreign national is claiming to have a bachelor’s degree plus five years’ progressive experience, the five years’ experience was gained subsequent to obtaining the bachelor’s degree.
National Interest Waiver
This EB-2 category allows foreign workers seeking to have the Foreign Labor Certification Process waived because it is in the national interest of the United States to do so. Unlike the other EB-2 green card categories, these workers do not need an employer sponsor and my self-petition for an EB-2 visa.
While the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has not established specific criteria for approving National Interest Waiver petitions, many USCIS examiners take the following general factors into consideration:
- Improving the U.S. economy;
- Improving wages and working conditions of U.S. workers;
- Developing education and training programs for U.S. children and under-qualified workers;
- Improving health care;
- Providing more affordable housing for young and/or older, poorer U.S. residents;
- A request from an interested U.S. government agency or improving international cultural understanding
Foreign nationals with exceptional ability in a particular field
Courts have held that since people of exceptional ability are valuable to the US economy, the term “sciences, arts, or business” is to be broadly construed. “Science or art” is defined by the US Department of Labor (DOL) as including any field for which college courses are instructed leading to a degree.
What type of evidence do I need to establish exceptional ability?
In order to prove exceptional ability satisfactorily to USCIS, regulations require that you present evidence with your petition establishing that you meet at least three of the following six criteria.
- Official academic record from a university, college, school, or other educational institution in connection with the area of exceptional ability showing a degree, diploma, certificate, or other award;
- Letter from your present or prior employer establishing that you have at least 10 years of full time experience in the occupation or profession that you are seeking;
- Professional certification or a license to practice in the particular occupation or profession;
- Evidence establishing that you have commanded a high salary, or other remuneration, that would demonstrate your exceptional ability;
- Proof of your membership in professional associations;
- Evidence that you have been recognized for your achievements and significant contributions in your field from governmental entities, your peers, or professional organizations.
What is the Lawyer’s Role in the EB-2 Visa?
Our Austin Immigration lawyer will help you gather the required information and documentation for the EB-2 Visa. We then carefully prepare all documentation needed to obtain your EB-2 Visa approval. We will communicate with you and the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) while the application is being processed up until adjudication.
An Austin immigration lawyer – Abogados de Inmigracion en Austin TX – can help you determine if an EB-2 Visa may benefit you or your family. Learn more by contacting Michael G. Murray, P.A today!